Australia

New Documents

The government of Australia released a ransomware action plan that includes mandatory reporting of cyber incidents by businesses and harsher penalties again ransomware gangs.

The Victoria Police announced that five individuals were arrested as part of a significant joint agency investigation into an organized crime group with ties to one of Australia’s largest money laundering operations.

News

Enforcement Actions

The Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre issued a remedial direction to the Sydney, Australia-based mutual bank that requires it to improve compliance with the Anti‐Money Laundering and Counter‐Terrorism Financing Act 2006.

The Victorian Commission for Gambling and Liquor Regulation fined Crown Melbourne Ltd (Crown) AUS$1 million for failure to comply with junket operations requirements, including procedures and controls designed to identify, mitigate and manage money laundering risks.


Important Facts

  • The U.S. State Department classifies Australia as a jurisdiction of primary concern. Money laundering is the common element in almost all serious and organized crime in Australia. The country’s financial intelligence unit, the Australian Transaction and Reports Analysis Center (AUSTRAC), identifies four primary money laundering methods in the nation: the intermingling of legitimate and illicit financial activity through cash intensive businesses or front companies; the engagement of professional expertise, such as lawyers and accountants; the use of money laundering syndicates to provide specific money laundering services to domestic and international crime groups; and the “internationalization” of the Australian crime environment, a reflection of the pervasive international money laundering ties of Australia-based organized criminal groups. AUSTRAC also notes that money laundering is prevalent in the banking, money transfer and alternative remittance services, as well as gaming and luxury goods’ sectors. Less visible conduits include legal persons and arrangements, cash-intensive businesses, electronic payment systems, cross-border movement of cash and bearer negotiable instruments, international trade and investment vehicles. Trade-based money laundering is also a concern, though stricter border and customs regulations have limited its potential.
  • KYC Covered Entities: Banks; gaming and bookmaking establishments and casinos; bullion and cash dealers and money exchanges and remitters; electronic funds transferors; insurers and insurance intermediaries; securities or derivatives dealers; registrars and trustees; issuers, sellers, or redeemers of traveler’s checks, money orders, or similar instruments; preparers of payroll, in whole or in part in currency, on behalf of other persons; and currency couriers
  • STR Covered Entities: Banks; gaming and bookmaking establishments and casinos; bullion and cash dealers and money exchanges and remitters; electronic funds transferors; insurers and insurance intermediaries; securities or derivatives dealers; registrars and trustees; issuers, sellers, or redeemers of traveler’s checks, money orders, or similar instruments; preparers of payroll, in whole or in part in currency, on behalf of other persons; and currency couriers
  • Enhanced Due Diligence Procedures for PEPs: Foreign: Yes; Domestic: Yes
  • Money Laundering Criminal Prosecutions/Convictions: Prosecutions: 99 (July 2013 – June 2014); Convictions: 77 (July 2013 – June 2014)
-Source: 2016 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (INCSR)

Rankings

FATF i | 2013 methodology

Technical Effectiveness
Compliant : 17 High : 1
Largely Compliant : 9 Substantial : 4
Partially Compliant : 9 Moderate : 6
Non-Compliant : 5 Low : 0

Australia's technical compliance was re-rated in a Nov. 8, 2018 follow-up report

BASEL i

Rank : 124/141
Score : 3.84/10

TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL i

Rank : 11/180
Score : 77/100

Tax Justice Network i

Rank : 48/133
Score : 50/100