Moldova

New Documents

Moldova’s National Anticorruption Center announced that its director, Ruslan Flocea, took part in the 25th Steering Group Meeting of the Anti-Corruption Network for Eastern Europe and Central Asia on May 28, 2020 via an online platform.

Moldova’s National Anticorruption Center issued a press release summarizing its anti-corruption enforcement and investigative activity during the year 2018-2019.

News

Enforcement Actions

0 Items Found


Important Facts

  • The U.S. State Department identifies Moldova as a jurisdiction of concern. While the country is not considered a regional financial center, it has an economy that is largely cash-based and remains highly vulnerable to money laundering activities. The government of Moldova monitors money flows throughout the country, but does not control its breakaway region of Transnistria. Transnistrian authorities do not adhere to Moldova's financial controls and maintain a banking system not licensed by the National Bank of Moldova, making Transnistria highly susceptible to money laundering. Criminal proceeds in Moldova are primarily derived from tax evasion, contraband smuggling, fraud and corruption. Money laundering occurs in the banking system, exchange houses and the offshore financial centers in Transnistria. Moldova does not permit offshore banks or shell companies. Internet gaming comes under the same set of regulations as domestic casinos, yet enforcement of the regulations is sporadic. In October 2015, Moldova’s Office for Prevention and Control of Money Laundering noted that it subjected 549 transactions to complex criminal analysis.
  • KYC Covered Entities:  Banks, currency exchange offices, investment funds, investment or fiduciary service providers and management companies, deposit companies, fiduciary companies, securities dealers, stock exchange companies, brokers, insurance and reinsurance companies, company formation agents and ownership registries, gaming and lottery organizers and institutions (including internet casinos), real estate agents, dealers of precious metals or gems, auditors, accountants and financial consultants, lawyers, notaries, and organizations which provide postal and telephone mandate exchange or value transfer services
  • STR Covered Entities:  Banks, currency exchange offices, investment funds, investment or fiduciary service providers and management companies, deposit companies, fiduciary companies, securities dealers, stock exchange companies, brokers, insurance and reinsurance companies, company formation agents and ownership registries, gaming and lottery organizers and institutions (including internet casinos), real estate agents, dealers of precious metals or gems, auditors, accountants and financial consultants, lawyers, notaries, and organizations that provide postal and telephone mandate exchange or value transfer services
  • Enhanced Due Diligence Procedures for PEPs: Foreign: Yes; Domestic: Yes
  • Money Laundering Criminal Prosecutions/Convictions: Prosecutions: 29 (January – October, 2015); Convictions: 2 (January – October, 2015)
Source: 2016 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (INCSR)

Rankings

FATF i | 2013 Methodology

Technical Effectiveness
Compliant : 8 High : 0
Largely Compliant : 21 Substantial : 3
Partially Compliant : 11 Moderate : 7
Non-Compliant : 0 Low : 1

BASEL i

Rank : 71/141
Score : 5.14/10

TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL i

Rank : 120/180
Score : 32/100

Tax Justice Network i

Rank : N/A
Score : N/A