The Netherlands

New Documents

Steven Maijoor, executive director of supervision at Netherlands Bank, delivered a speech at a symposium in London where he emphasized that the unique risks of cryptocurrencies, such as their pseudonymity and high levels of information asymmetry, require enhanced regulatory scrutiny.

The Netherlands’ central bank published a study analyzing the opportunities and risks presented by crypto-assets and advancing policy considerations for their effective regulation, supervision, and enforcement.


Enforcement Actions

The Netherlands Public Prosecution Service and the Amsterdam, Netherlands-based financial institution entered into a settlement that requires the bank to pay €480 million to resolve violations of the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter Terrorism Financing Act.

The Netherlands and the Amsterdam-based bank entered into a settlement agreement that requires the financial institution to pay a €675 million fine and disgorge €100 million to resolve a criminal investigation into violations of the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter Terrorism Financing Act.

Important Facts

  • The U.S. State Department classifies the Netherlands as a major money laundering country. The Netherlands is a major trade and financial hub and is  consequently an attractive venue for money laundering linked to criminal activities such as the sale of drugs, fraud, tax evasion, and drug trafficking. These illegal activities largely contribute to the jurisdiction's domestic money laundering activity.  Additionally, there are syndicates linked to organized crime and money laundering which is exacerbated by few border controls within the Schengen Area of the European Union. Additionally, these syndicates increasingly use the internet and virtual currencies to further their illicit activities. Hawala-style underground remittance systems operate as well. Bonaire, St. Eustatius, and Saba are special municipalities of the Netherlands. Aruba, Curacao, and St. Maarten are countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Netherlands provides supervision for the courts and for combating crime and drug trafficking within the Kingdom.
-Source: 2021 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (INCSR)


FATF i | 2013 Methodology

Technical Effectiveness
Compliant : 10 High : 2
Largely Compliant : 28 Substantial : 5
Partially Compliant : 2 Moderate : 4
Non-Compliant : 0 Low : 0


Rank : 101/141
Score : 4.56/10


Rank : 8/179
Score : 82/100

Tax Justice Network i

Rank : 8/133
Score : 67/100