Vatican City

New Documents

Pope Francis issued remarks to the Committee of Experts on the Evaluation of Anti-Money Laundering Measures and the Financing of Terrorism discussing the Vatican’s approach to money laundering and financial crime.

The Holy See’s Press Office announced that Vatican Secretary of State Cardinal Pietro Parolin welcomed an evaluation team from the Committee of Experts on the Evaluation of Anti-Money Laundering Measures and the Financing of Terrorism, or Moneyval.

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Important Facts

  • The U.S. State Department labels Vatican City (the Holy See) as a jurisdiction of concern. The Holy See is an atypical government, being simultaneously the supreme body of government of the Catholic Church and a sovereign entity under international law. The Institute for Works of Religion (IOR) performs functions similar to that of a bank, so it is commonly referred to as the Vatican Bank. Unlike a normal bank, the IOR does not loan money, collect interest or make a profit. Rather, the IOR acts as a clearinghouse for Vatican accounts, moving funds from Catholic Church sources to Catholic Church destinations. There is no market for illicit or smuggled goods in the Vatican City and there are no indications of trade or drug-based money laundering or ties to terrorist financing activity. Key reforms instituted by Pope Francis concerning the governance of three Vatican oversight bodies came into effect on March 1, 2015.
  • KYC Covered Entities:  All institutions, entities, or persons dependent on the Holy See, including departments of the Roman Curia and the IOR that perform financial activities on a professional basis, as well as nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), religious orders, convents, monasteries, charities, men and women religious, and diplomats assigned to the Holy See
  • STR Covered Entities:  All institutions, entities, or persons dependent on the Holy See, including departments of the Roman Curia and the IOR that perform financial activities on a professional basis, as well as NGOs, religious orders, convents, monasteries, charities, men and women religious, and diplomats assigned to the Holy See
  • Enhanced Due Diligence Procedures for PEPs: Foreign: Yes; Domestic: Yes
  • Money Laundering Criminal Prosecutions/Convictions: Prosecutions: 0 (2015); Convictions: 0 (2015)
Source: 2016 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (INCSR)

Rankings

FATF i

Technical Effectiveness
Compliant : 3 High :
Largely Compliant : 19 Substantial :
Partially Compliant : 13 Moderate :
Non-Compliant : 10 Low :
Not-Applicable : 4

BASEL i

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TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL i

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Tax Justice Network i

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