Vatican City

New Documents

The Holy See Press Office announced that the Vatican City State Tribunal convicted Angelo Caloia, former president of the Institute of Works for Religion, and lawyer Gabriele Liuzzo of embezzlement and money laundering related to the sale of 29 properties.

The Vatican announced that Pope Francis issued a chirograph approving the new Statute of the Financial Information Authority, which changes the agency’s name to the Supervisory and Financial Information Authority in an effort to redefine its role.

News

Enforcement Actions

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Important Facts

  • The U.S. State Department labels Vatican City (the Holy See) as a jurisdiction of concern. The Holy See is an atypical government, being simultaneously the supreme body of government of the Catholic Church and a sovereign entity under international law. The Institute for Works of Religion (IOR) performs functions similar to that of a bank, so it is commonly referred to as the Vatican Bank. Unlike a normal bank, the IOR does not loan money, collect interest or make a profit. Rather, the IOR acts as a clearinghouse for Vatican accounts, moving funds from Catholic Church sources to Catholic Church destinations. There is no market for illicit or smuggled goods in the Vatican City and there are no indications of trade or drug-based money laundering or ties to terrorist financing activity. Key reforms instituted by Pope Francis concerning the governance of three Vatican oversight bodies came into effect on March 1, 2015.
  • KYC Covered Entities:  All institutions, entities, or persons dependent on the Holy See, including departments of the Roman Curia and the IOR that perform financial activities on a professional basis, as well as nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), religious orders, convents, monasteries, charities, men and women religious, and diplomats assigned to the Holy See
  • STR Covered Entities:  All institutions, entities, or persons dependent on the Holy See, including departments of the Roman Curia and the IOR that perform financial activities on a professional basis, as well as NGOs, religious orders, convents, monasteries, charities, men and women religious, and diplomats assigned to the Holy See
  • Enhanced Due Diligence Procedures for PEPs: Foreign: Yes; Domestic: Yes
  • Money Laundering Criminal Prosecutions/Convictions: Prosecutions: 0 (2015); Convictions: 0 (2015)
Source: 2016 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (INCSR)

Rankings

FATF i

Technical Effectiveness
Compliant : 3 High :
Largely Compliant : 19 Substantial :
Partially Compliant : 13 Moderate :
Non-Compliant : 10 Low :
Not-Applicable : 4

BASEL i

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TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL i

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Tax Justice Network i

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