Belgium

New Documents

Switzerland’s Federal Council announced that the Federal Act on the Adaptation of Federal Law to Developments in Distributed Electronic Register Technology will enter fully into force on Aug. 1, 2021.

HM Treasury’s Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation published a notice concerning amendments made to the identifying information of one individual designated pursuant to the Russia (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019.

News

Enforcement Actions

The Reserve Bank of India issued a monetary penalty of 12 lakh rupees against the Mumbai, India-based financial institution for violating know-your-customer rules.

The Reserve Bank of India issued a monetary penalty of 10 lakh rupees against the Maharashtra, India-based bank for not adhering to the know-your-customer requirements.


Key Documents

Important Facts

  • The U.S. State Department labels Belgium as a major money laundering jurisdiction. The majority of the criminal proceeds laundered in Belgium are derived from foreign criminal activity heavily associated with the recent boom in cocaine importations at the Port of Antwerp. Bulk cash smugglers, the principal money laundering concerns of law enforcement, move European drug proceeds out of the region. Trade in illicit goods through the Port fuels a shadow economy and facilitates the movement of laundered drug money from Belgium back to South America or through intermediary points such as Dubai or Hong Kong. Belgian-based criminal organizations that traffic cocaine within the region use the Belgian banking system, in conjunction with a complex network of shell companies, to integrate the illicit funds into Belgian bank accounts. Also, legitimate businesses, such as real estate, restaurants, diamonds and retail businesses are used to launder drug proceeds. Diamonds are specifically vulnerable to money laundering given their high value and ease of transport. The State Department notes that virtual currencies are increasingly being used in Belgium by criminal networks. To combat money laundering, Belgium has comprehensive know your customer rules and suspicious transaction report requirements
Source: 2020 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (INCSR)

Rankings

FATF i | 2013 methodology

Technical Effectiveness
Compliant : 21 High : 0
Largely Compliant : 16 Substantial : 4
Partially Compliant : 3 Moderate : 7
Non-Compliant : 0 Low : 0

Belgium's technical compliance was re-rated in a Sept. 3, 2018 follow-up report

BASEL i

Rank : 118/141
Score : 3.98/10

TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL i

Rank : 17/180
Score : 75/100

Tax Justice Network i

Rank : 50/133
Score : 45/100